PROCLAMATION TO PROVIDE FOR THE PREVENTION AND SUPPRESSION OF TRAFFICKING IN PERSON AND SUMGGLING OF MIGRANTS.
WHEREAS, it has become necessary to introduce a preventive strategy by designing the legal system as a viable alternative besides to economic and social efforts undertaken to alleviate the problems related to human trafficking especially, women and children’s trafficking, and smuggling of migrants as it is becoming a very serious crime and increasing from time to time, resulting in grave violation of human rights, grief and suffering of citizens;
WHEREAS, realizing that an appropriate protection, support and rehabilitation to the victims are important and provision of special protection, care and assistance to the most vulnerable groups of society with due consideration to their age, gender and special needs is indispensable;
WHEREAS, the Criminal Code and the provisions stipulated in other laws are not adequately tuned with the depth of the problem, and it has become necessary to promulgate law containing grave punishment which enables to pass proportional sentence against criminals.
WHEREAS, trafficking in human being is prohibited as provided under Article 18 (2) of the Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia; as Ethiopia is one of the signatories to the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crimes; as it has also ratified the United Nations Protocol Against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air and the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons especially Women and Children; and it is found important to promulgate a law consistent with the Constitution and these international instruments;
NOW, THEREFORE, in accordance with Article 55 (1) of the Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, it is hereby proclaimed as follows:
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